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Silvertown Tunnel

Transport for London (TfL)

The Silvertown Tunnel (STT) is a new, approximately 1.4 km long twin bore TBM road tunnel located in East London crossing beneath the River Thames. It will connect the Greenwich Peninsula to Silvertown.

The main tunnels will be constructed as twin-bore TBM tunnels which are connected by 7 No. cross passages.

The alignment for the tunnels and cross passages passes through Made Ground, Alluvium, River Terrace deposits, London Clay, Harwich Formation, and Lambeth Group sediments.

The cross passages are planned to be built using sprayed concrete as primary lining followed by waterproofing and reinforced concrete for permanent tunnel support. CPs 2 to 6 will be constructed using ground freezing for temporary ground stabilisation. CP1 will be built in treated ground (soft piles) while CP 7 will be built using groundwater depressurisation for the Lambeth Group sediments.

Detailed Design Consultancy:

Gall Zeidler Consultants are responsible for the developed and detailed design of the special TBM segments for the CP openings, ground freezing and cross passage design.


London, UK


2021 - Present


Twin Tunnel by shield TBM, Cross Passages by SCL (NATM)


7.397 km (4596 miles)


TBM Tunnel Outer Dia: 11.4 m
Cross Passages Outer Dia: 4.8 m


London sequence of Made Ground, River
Thames Terrace sediments, London Clay, Harwich Formation and Lambeth Group sediments. The tunnels are located in water saturated sediments of the Lambeth Group and Harwich Formation with pressurized groundwater. The water-saturated sediments of the Lambeth Group will be either frozen or depressurised.


Est. $1.3bn (£1bn) - construction


Riverlinx CJV (BAM Nuttall, Ferrovial Construction and SK Ecoplant)


Transport for London (TfL)